Five methods commonly used in the implementation o

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Five commonly used methods in BPR project implementation

for an enterprise, BPR is a major and complex system engineering, which involves various activities and work in the process of project implementation. In the whole process of BPR, members participating in enterprise informatization should not only know how to carry out BPR and who will carry out BPR, but also need to know some methods and tools for BPR. If the members participating in BPR can effectively Elbegdorj said that using modern BPR tools, they can more effectively transform the problem process in the enterprise and organically coordinate the work of each stage of BPR. There are many techniques and methods that can be used in BPR. Here are some common techniques

· brainstorming method and Delphi method

brainstorming method and Delphi method are two useful methods in discussing the strategic vision of the company and determining the opportunity of enterprise reengineering. When brainstorming, encourage participants to put forward ideas as bold as possible, and do not criticize the views put forward by others. Using brainstorming method can help us find the shortcomings in the existing enterprise processes and put forward fundamental ideas for transformation. Some software tools can also be used to support this kind of discussion. Participants can put forward their suggestions and opinions on the discussion topics simultaneously and anonymously, and store, retrieve, annotate, classify and evaluate them according to keywords. Delphi rule is often used to demonstrate the feasibility of enterprise reengineering plan. The preliminary reengineering plan can be sent to a number of pre selected information system experts for their opinions. Then, after sorting and analyzing the feedback of each expert, send it to the experts for the second time, so that they can consider the views of other experts on the use of efficient refrigerators and energy conditioning systems, and think more deeply about the differences. In this way, after several rounds of solicitation, we can finally get a relatively unanimous opinion. This is very useful for reducing the risk of BPR and setting up a correct informatization strategy

· value chain analysis method

when analyzing the process of an enterprise and selecting the transformed process, the value chain analysis method proposed by Professor Porter of Harvard University can be used. Value chain analysis is a method to identify whether a certain "value activity" can bring competitiveness to the enterprise. This theory was first published in Porter's paper on how to combine value chain analysis with information technology. Later, it has been developed into an important means of enterprise strategic analysis, and also has a very important application value for enterprise information construction. Porter believes that in an enterprise, the activities of the enterprise can be divided into two kinds: main activities and auxiliary activities. The main activities include procurement logistics, manufacturing, delivery logistics, marketing, after-sales service, etc. the auxiliary activities include senior management, personnel services, technology development, logistics supply and other activities. The specific forms of the above activities vary according to different enterprises or industries, but all enterprises have generated the ultimate customer-oriented value from the links and value accumulation of these activities. Therefore, by decomposing the activities of an enterprise and analyzing the value of activities in each chain, we can find out which activities need to be transformed. For example, relevant activities can be divided into several ranges according to a certain business (such as dividing product sales into market management + advertising + salesperson management +...), from which we can find activities that can realize differentiation and generate cost advantages

· ABC cost method, also known as activity-based cost analysis method, is mainly used for the description and cost analysis of existing processes. Activity based costing analysis is similar to the above value chain analysis to some extent, which decomposes the existing business and finds out the basic activities. However, ABC analysis focuses on the cost of each activity, especially the labor and resources consumed in the activity

· benchmarking method

benchmarking method can be used to set the goal and vision of reform, determine the benchmark of process reengineering, etc. There are some successful enterprises in many industries, and their practices can be followed by other enterprises in the industry. Therefore, some specific indicators of these enterprises can also be used as benchmarks for other enterprises. Toyota's return on investment (ROI) was once regarded as the benchmark of the Japanese automotive industry. When Daiichi companies found that their return on investment was less than half that of Toyota, they realized the seriousness of the problem. By analyzing their business processes, they finally decided to close the factory

· process modeling and simulation

the analysis of the existing business processes of enterprises and the proposed transformation scheme can be carried out by the method of computer software, which is enterprise information process modeling. At present, many enterprise information process modeling methods and corresponding software systems have come out. Aris (Integrated Information System Architecture) methods and tools were proposed by Professor Wilhelm Scheer, director of the Institute of enterprise management at Saar University in Germany and President of IDS Scheer. Its design idea is to propose an integrated framework, and try to incorporate the important concepts of describing an enterprise process into the model. IDEF0 method is the abbreviation of ICAM determination method. It is a set of modeling and analysis methods developed by the U.S. Air Force on the basis of ICAM (integrated computer aided manufacturing) in the late 1970s and early 1980s, using SADT and other methods. At the beginning of 1990, the IDEF user association cooperated with the American National Institute of standards and technology to establish the IDEF0 standard, which was published as the American information processing standard in 1993. At present, IDEF is a standard recognized by many international organizations. In order to reduce the complexity of the project and make the project progress smoothly, the project implementation team can use modeling and analysis tools based on computer software, such as bpwin, to model. After using these methods to model the enterprise business process, it can not only describe the current process of the enterprise, diagnose the process and design new process, but also simulate and analyze the cost and benefit of the enterprise business process

among the above methods, brainstorming to meet the high requirements of product design and model, Delphi method, value chain analysis and competitiveness analysis are classic management methods and technologies, while AB and ab oil pumps share one oil tank and pressure regulating valve unit. C cost method, benchmarking method, process modeling and simulation are relatively new methods, especially process modeling and simulation, which provide a powerful tool for BPR projects. Integrating the above methods and technologies provides a set of powerful tools for BPR team, which can be used in the whole process of business process reengineering. (end)

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